Chapter 4 Summary: Transformational and Charismatic Leadership
This chapter explains the characteristics of transformational leadership and the perspectives of charisma. Transformational leadership encompasses the traditional transactional leadership perspective with an emphasis on the follower’s higher-level needs. The characteristics of transformational leadership includes: creativity, interactive, visionary, empowering, and passionate. These characteristics are easily identified in many successful historic and modern-day leaders. The authors illustrate that, “Since texternal image nelson+mandela.jpgransformational leadership can convert followers into leaders in their own right, these five primary characteristics are often filtered throughout transformed groups and organizations. Follower’s or group member seem to work more effectively and efficiently when they are led by a transformational leader.
Charisma is another quality found is most successful leaders. The chapter illustrates three significant approaches to defining charismatic leaders. The first approach is the sociological approach. With this approach, the authors explain that “A charismatic must periodically demonstrate his or her exceptional personal gifts in order to maintain power over followers.” The second approach is the behavioral/attribution approach. The behavioral approach describes charisma as a set of behaviors such as high self-confidence, competence, and strong power needs. The attribution approach states that certain leader behaviors motivate followers to regard individuals as charismatic. The third approach, the communication approach, identifies three core functions for charismatic leaders: charismatics as relationship builders, charismatics as visionaries, and charismatics as influence agents. These three approaches are crucial when defining leadership charisma.


For more information on leadership and influence see chapter 6.
For more information on leadership an power see chapter 5.