Chapter Three - Traits, Situational, and Functional Leadership

There are a few different approaches used in understanding how someone succeeds or fails in a position of leadership. Are leaders born or are they developed through years of interaction and experience with others? Chapter three covered three approaches to help us get a better understanding of how an individual becomes put in the position of leader and those approaches discussed include the traits, situational, and functional approaches. Even though today most researpeyton-manning.jpgchers believe that there is no such thing as a natural born leader, there are still some believers that feel our physiological makeup is what creates a leader.

The traits approach to leadership defines a leader as being an individual who was predisposed to be in a leadership position due to their unique genetic makeup. There are specific features such as height, weight, and intelligence that factor into an individual being the most capable person to be in a position of influence. The situational approach defines a leader as someone who only behaves as a leader depending on the situation they are in. This can all be dependent on the position of power the individual is in or the structure of the task that needs to be completed. Functional approach looks at the development of a leader not from the individuals and followers characteristics, but from the communication behavior that a person displays. This would be an individual who takes charge in a situation and is capable of assigning to tasks to other individuals.

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